Urban Transport Glossary

Urban Transport Glossary
Sr No. Definitions
1 Access: It is the ability to reach, visit or use a service
2 Accessibility: The concept of accessibility is generally interpreted as a measure of the effort of overcoming spatial separation. It denotes the importance of a place and, more particularly, the ease with which one can travel from one place to another.
3 Alignment: It is the horizontal and vertical ground plan of a road, rail, transit route or other facility as it would appear in plan and profile.
4 Arterial Road: A general term denoting a road primarily for through traffic usually on a continuous route.
5 Average Daily Traffic (ADT): Average number of vehicles that pass a specified point during a 24-hour period.
6 Average Travel Cost: Average cost of travel taking all trips (including or excluding walk) into account.
7 Average Travel Time: Average time of travel taking all trips (including or excluding walk) into account.
8 Average Trip Length: Average distance of travel taking all trips (including or excluding walk) into account.
9 Balanced Transportation System: A system in which the facilities and services of different transportation modes are treated as parts of a single system and each mode is planned in a manner that most effectively uses its special elements in combination with other elements to provide mobility for people in the most effective manner.
10 Bypass: A road meant to enable through traffic by avoiding congested areas or other obstructions to passage.
11 CBD: Control Business District
12 Collector Street: A Street or road for collecting and distributing the traffic from and to local streets and also for providing access to arterial streets.
13 Corridor: A broad geographical band that follows a general directional flow or connects major sources of trips.
14 Diverted Traffic: A component of traffic that has changed from its previous path of travel to another route without a change in origin, destination or mode of travel.
15 Door-to-Door Service: A service that picks up passenger from the door of their place or origin and delivers them at the door of their place of destination.
16 Equity: A normative measure of fairness among transportation users.
17 Expressway: A divided arterial highway for motor traffic, with full or partial control of access and generally provided with grade separations at intersections.
18 Feeder Service: Local transportation service that provides passengers connections with major transportation service.
19 Generated Traffic: A general term that can be applied to any part of traffic created by one or more land users.
20 Highway: (i) A general term denoting a public way for purposes of vehicular travel, including the entire area within the right-or-way; (ii) An important road in a road system.
21 Home Based Trips: Trips which have one end (origin or destination) at the home of the person making trip.
22 Home Interview Survey: A survey in which the data are collected at home through face-to-face interviews. Such interviews usually include information on household characteristics and travel patterns.
23 Impact Analysis (impact Evaluation): It is that part of transportation planning process in which there is an evaluation of the effects of an existing or proposed transportation project on social, economic and environment factors or variables.
24 Impedance: Any condition that restricts or discourages travel, or a measure of that condition, Time and costs are the factors usually considered, but others could also be taken into account.
25 Induced Traffic: The added component of traffic volume that did not exist previously in any form but emerges when new or improved transport facilities are provided.
26 Intersection: The general area where two or more highways join or cross, and which includes the roadway and the roadside facilities for traffic movement in that area.
27 Intermediate Public Transport (IPT): Modes of transport which are neither public nor private. They can be hired for point to point travel. Examples are taxis, auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws.
28 Inter-zonal Travel Time: The travel time between any two zones, including the terminal time at each end of trip.
29 Intra-zonal Travel Time: The travel time for trips that begin and end in the same zone, including the terminal time at each end of the trip.
30 Lane: A portion of a street or a highway usually indicated by pavement marking that is intended for one line of vehicles.
31 Line Haul: Transportation service along a single corridor, without branches, with stops along the way.
32 Link: A section of transportation network defined by intersection points (nodes) at each end. It connects two nodes. It could be one-way or two-way.
33 Link Road: The assigned volume of traffic on a link.
34 Local Street: A street or road primarily for access to residence, business premises or some other abutting property.
35 Mass Transportation: Transportation by bus, rail or some other conveyance, either publicly or privately owned, that provides general or special service to the public on a regular and continuing basis (not including school buses, chartered or sightseeing services).
36 Median: The portion of a divided highway separating the travel ways for traffic in opposite directions.
37 Median Opening: A gap in a median provided for crossing and right – turning traffic.
38 Mixed Traffic: Traffic that encompasses different vehicle categories or different modes.
39 Mobility: It reflects the ease or difficulty in travelling to a service or facility.
40 Modal Split: The proportion of total person trips that uses each of the various specified modes of transportation. It describes how many people use alternative forms of transportation. It is generally used to describe the percentage of people who use public transport as against the percentage using private modes of transport.
41 Mode: A particular form of travel.
42 Model: A mathematical or conceptual presentation of relationships and actions within a system. It is mathematical description of a real-life situation that uses data on past and present conditions to make a projection about the future.
43 National Highways: Main highways running through the length and breadth of the country connecting major ports, highways of neighboring countries, state capitals, large industrial complexes and important tourist centers, etc.
44 Network: A system of links and nodes that describes a transportation system.
45 Node: A point that represents an intersection of two or more links, highways, transit lines or routes or a zone centroid.
46 Non-home based trips: Trips which have neither ends at the home of the person making trip.
47 Operating Costs: The sum of all recurring costs that can be associated with the operation and maintenance of the system during the period under consideration.
48 Origin: The point at which a trip begins
49 Para-transit: Forms of transportation service that are more flexible and personalized than conventional fixed route, fixed schedule services but do not include such exclusory services as chartered bus trips. Examples are taxis, auto rickshaws, subscription buses, vanpools, etc.
50 Passenger-Car Unit: These are equivalency factors which convert the traffic volumes of the road comprising different types of vehicles into equivalent passenger car units (PCU).
51 Path: Any series of links where each succeeding link has the ending node of a previous link as its beginning node.
52 Per Capita Trip Rate (PCTR): Average number of trips per person. It is expressed as a ratio of total trips to total population in an area. PCTR is usually expressed either in terms of mechanized mode trips which excludes walk or for all trips including walk. It could also be expressed for various trip purposes or various modes of travel.
53 Productivity: The ratio of units of transportation output to units of input (consumed resource).
54 Public Transportation: Transportation service to the public on regular basis using vehicles that transport more than one person for compensation usually but not exclusively over a set of route or a set of routes from one fixed point to another.
55 Right-of-Way (ROW): A general term denoting land, property or interest therein, usually in a strip acquired for or devoted to transportation purposes.
56 Route: The geographical path of a given trip followed by a vehicle or a traveler from start to finish.
57 Service Attributes: Those aspects of a transportation system that affect travel dictions about its use, such as travel time reliability, comfort, cost ease of use and safety.
58 Service Frequency: The number of transit units on a given route moving in the same direction that pass a given point within a specified interval of time, usually one hour.
59 Street: A road within a town or some other centre of habitation which has become partly or wholly defined by buildings established along one or both frontages and which may or may not be a highway.
60 Sub-Arterial Street: A highway or a street primarily for through traffic, but a lower level of mobility than the arterial streets. It forms the link between expressways/arterial streets and collector streets.
61 System Planning: A procedure for developing an integrated means of providing adequate facilities for movement of people and goods, involving regional analysis of transportation needs and identification of transportation corridors involved.
62 Terminal: The end station or stop on a transit line or route, regardless of whether special facilities exist for reversing the vehicle or handling the passengers.
63 Throughput: Volume of vehicles passing or people transported past a point or series of points during a given period of time
64 Traffic: The vehicles, people or both those pass a specified point during a given period.
65 Traffic Count: A record of the number of vehicles, people aboard vehicles, or both that pass a given
66 Transfer: A passenger’s change from one transit unit or mode to another transit unit or mode.
67 Transfer Time: The time required to effect a change of mode or to transfer between routes or lines of the same mode.
68 Transit System: The facilities, equipment, personnel and procedures needed to provide and maintain public transit service.
69 Transportation Disadvantaged: People whose range or transportation alternatives is limited, especially with regard to the availability of relatively easy-to-use and inexpensive alternatives for trip making. Examples include the young, the elderly, the poor, the handicapped, and those who do not have automobiles.
70 Transportation Interface: The point or facility at which two or more modes of transportation meet or at which two or more transit system routes or lines meet.
71 Transportation System: A system that provides for the movement of people, goods or both. It is also defined as a coordinated system made up of one or several modes serving a common purpose, i.e. the movement of people, goods or both.
72 Travel Survey: Collection of data that describe the social, economic and travel characteristics of people who make trips by various modes of transportation.
73 Trip: It is a one-way person movement by any mode of transport having two trip ends, an origin or start of a trip and a destination or end of a trip for a specific purpose.
74 Trip Attraction: It is non-home based end of a home-based trip and is destination of a trip with neither end home based i.e. of a non-home based trip.
75 Trip Cost: It is the cost incurred to complete one-way person movement by a mechanized mode between origin and destination.
76 Trip Distance: It is the distance of one-way person movement between origin and destination.
77 Trip Generation: It is the home-end of any trip that has one end at the home (of homebased trip) and is origin of trip with neither end home-based (i.e. of non-home based trip) Page 43 Volume 1: Training Manual on Integrated Planning of Infrastructure.
78 Trip Purpose:&nIt is the purpose of the one-way person movement i.e. trip. Trips are made of different purpose like work, education, business, shopping, etc.
79 Trip Time: It is the time taken to complete one-way person movement between origin and destination.
80 V/C Ratio: Ratio of actual hourly traffic volume on a road section to its traffic carrying capacity.
Acronyms Terminologies
AGV Automatic Guided Vehicle
AVL Automatic Vehicle Location
BAU Business as usual
BOO Build Own Operate
BOOT Build Own Operate Transfer
BOT Build Operate Transfer
BPL Below Poverty Line
BRT Bus Rapid Transit
BT Build Transfer
BTO Build Transfer Operate
BMTC Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation
CBD Central Business District
CBS City Bus Service
CDM Clean Development Mechanism
CDP City Development Plan
CEA Central Electricity Authority
CEF Composite Environment Fee
CMP Comprehensive Mobility Plan
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
CO Carbon Oxide
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
CSOs Civil Society Organizations
CTTS Comprehensive Traffic and Transportation Studies
DBFO / M Design Build Finance Operate / Maintain
DBM Design Build Maintain
DBOM Design Build Operate Maintain
DMIC Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor
DP Development Plan
DPR Detailed Project Report
EB Enumeration Block
EPCA Environment Pollution Control Authority
FAQs Frequently Asked Questions
FAR Floor Area Ratio
FSI Floor Space index
GHG Green House Gases
GIS Geographic Information System
GEF Global Environment Policy
GPS Global Positioning System
HC Hydrocarbon
HH Household
HSD High Speed Diesel
IPCC Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change
ITS Intelligent Transport System
IUT Institute of Urban Transport (India)
IPT Intermediate public Transport
JnNURM Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
Janmarg BRTS in Ahmedabad – meaning “People’s Way”
KSRTC Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation
LCMP Low-Carbon Comprehensive Mobility Plan
LCS Low Carbon Scenario
LCV Light Commercial Vehicle
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LRT Light Rail Transit
MFA Multilateral Funding Agency
MLA Member of legislative Assembly
MoUD Ministry of Urban Development
MP Member of Parliament
MRT Mass Rapid Transportation
Mtoe Million Tonne of Oil Equilent
MTW Motorised Two / Three Wheeler
NAMA Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
NAPCC National Action Plan on Climate Change
NGOs Non Governmental Organisations
NHAI National Highway Authority of India
NMT Non-Motorised Transport
NOx Nitrogen Oxide
NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation
NUIS National Urban Information System
NUTP National Urban Transport Policy
O-D Origin and Destination
PBS Public Bicycle Sharing
PM Particulate Matter
PPP Public Private Partnership
PT Public Transport
PRT Personal Rapid Transit
PUC Pollution Under Control
PPHPD Passengers Per Hour Per Direction
ROW Right of Way
RTA Regional Transport Authority
SC Scheduled Caste
SLB Service Level Benchmarks
SOx Sulphur Oxide
SUV Sports Utility Vehicle
SPV Special Purpose Vehicle
TAZ Traffic Analysis Zone
TDM Travel Demand Management
TOD Transit Oriented Development
UIDSSMT Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns
ULBs Urban Local Bodies
UMTA Unified Metropolitan Transport Authority
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UT Urban Transport
UTF Urban Transport Fund