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Sensitization to Urban Transport Issues 2

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A set of 10 Subject Modules, each for a group of topics on subjects associated with sustainable urban transport planning, have been developed. These 10 modules are structured in such a way so as to fulfill the end objective of creating the desired capacity amongst the practitioners, city officials, etc.


Urban Freight

This section describes urban freight and its importance as part of urban dynamics. It also presents some solutions to the typical problems presented by this type of transport, and how cities can continue being competitive while curbing negative impacts of urban freight. The examples provided here are mainly from European cities, but adopting them to for the Indian context can be a bit complicated due to various external factors.

Non Motorised Transport

Serious attention is to be given to NMT: With the environment friendly NMT declining, our cities are losing sustainability and it is imperative that this trend is reversed. 40% of today’s trips in cities are by NMT and 25% of all fatal accidents involve NMT. Yet we have not focused on the much needed infrastructure to aid these modes.

Financing Sustainable Transport

This section will describe financing practices in some countries, and the relevance of re-thinking such practices in order to give way to more innovative approaches of urban transport financing that understand the potential of the sector itself in being selfsustainable. It is generally the case, not only in India, but in most cities of the developed and developing world, that financing urban transport is a burden. It will be shown here how a city can improve that situation, not only by finding ways to reduce current subsidies and other excessive costs, but also by finding appropriate financing sources that will not reduce the overall budget of a city, state or country.

Institutional Setup

This section describes the importance of having an authority that can plan, implement and control an SUT policy and its future. The government of India has clearly stated that it must develop a stronger institutional setup for urban transport. As NTDPC states, “The Central Government should take care of issues such as financing, PPP, capacity building, developing a data base and R&D. State Government should empower the city with an institutional framework, legislation, a resource generation policy and professional staff. A Safety Board should be set up in each State to deal with safety issues in a comprehensive, scientific and a systematic manner. It should be supported by relevant R&D. Rescue services should be organized for fast relief (Source: NTDPC, 2010 p.g. 15)”. This chapter looks to provide guidelines for implementing an improved institutional setup.

Conclusion

This module has shown, through the use of various examples and specific data, that developing a sustainable transport policy and agenda is possible for India with proper planning, adaptation of best practices and thorough implementation. Though there are many components that need to be addressed and one must always favor context in the development of solutions, there are many components and projects that are useful as elements to continue creating India’s sustainable transport agenda.

Sensitization to Urban Transport Issues 1( Course Code: IUT - 001)

Development of Training Material Under "Sustainable Urban Transport Project"

Sensitization to Urban Transport Issues 2( Course Code: IUT - 002)

A set of 10 Subject Modules, each for a group of topics on subjects associated with sustainable urba...

Public Transportation Systems( Course Code: PTS)

This course discusses the evolution and role of urban public transportation modes, systems and servi...